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Spectators were shielded from the sun through a canvas-covered ceiling. During the spectacles, a metallic net was disposed around the arena, to prevent animals from getting out. The arena comprised a wooden floor covered by sand, covering a large underground structure called the hypogeum.
Since the 6th century the Colosseum had suffered damaged due to lootings, natural phenomena such as lightning and earthquakes. In the centuries to come, the Colosseum was abandoned completely, and used as a quarry for numerous building projects.