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Facts To Know Before You Go To The Colosseum, Rome, Italy

The ARK Infrastructure Nov 16, 2019
The Colosseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is a massive oval amphitheater in the center of the city of Rome, Italy. The Colosseum is one of the 7 wonders of the world and the most popular tourist attraction in the world. The Colosseum was commissioned around A.D. 70-72 by Emperor Vespasian of the Flavian dynasty as a gift to the Roman people.

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The Colosseum in Rome, Italy
During the Roman Empire and under the motto of "Bread and Circuses" the Roman Colosseum allowed more than 50,000 people to enjoy its finest spectacles. It was used for the activities like exhibitions of exotic animals, executions of prisoners, recreations of battles and gladiator fights.
The massive structure measured approximately 189 by 156 meters (620 by 513 feet), towered four stories high, and included eighty entrances to the amphitheater—seventy-six for the patrons, two for participants of events, and two exclusively for the emperor to use.
The Colosseum remained active for over 500 years. The last recorded games in history were celebrated in the 6th century.

Spectators were shielded from the sun through a canvas-covered ceiling. During the spectacles, a metallic net was disposed around the arena, to prevent animals from getting out. The arena comprised a wooden floor covered by sand, covering a large underground structure called the hypogeum.

The Colosseum was a freestanding structure made of stone and concrete. The distinctive exterior had three stories of arched entrances supported by semi-circular columns. Each story contained columns of a different order.

Since the 6th century the Colosseum had suffered damaged due to lootings, natural phenomena such as lightning and earthquakes. In the centuries to come, the Colosseum was abandoned completely, and used as a quarry for numerous building projects.

By the 20th century, a combination of weather, natural disasters, neglect and vandalism, and even bombings during World War Two had destroyed nearly two-thirds of the original Colosseum, including all of the arena’s marble seats and its decorative elements.
Splendid view of the Colosseum in the evening time
Restoration efforts began in the 1990s, and have proceeded over the years, as the Colosseum continues to be a leading attraction for tourists from all over the world.

Some Facts About The Colosseum:

  • The original name "Flavian Amphitheatre" was changed to the Colosseum due to the great statue of Nero that was located at the entrance of the Domus Aurea
  • There are some theories that the Colosseum was filled with water for naval battle recreations.
  • Every Good Friday the Pope leads the Way of the Cross procession in the Colosseum.